вторник, 5 июля 2016 г.

Gardening, Growing & Planting

Gardening, Growing & Planting

THE PLANTING of grape vines in the UK has grown in popularity over the past few years and they are a welcome addition to many gardens. So you should not grow vegetables near a walnut, although beyond the reach of the furthest branch should be fine. Black rot won't usually kill the vines unless it's severe and occurs on a yearly basis. Mating occurs, and the female then lays a single fertilized egg that overwinters on the grape stem. Bearing vines grow rapidly in spring and early summer, putting on a succulent type of growth.

Grape flowers and shoots arise from a compound bud developed in each leaf axil the previous season. Grape seeds can be held in stratification for a long time (even years), as the seeds will not germinate under these cold conditions. If you prune sooner, in autumn or winter, cuttings can be laid down in a trench and covered with soil, with only their tips protruding, until they are ready for planting.

Average annual yields for vines trained to the Geneva double curtain style of trellis (explained in the Managing Your Vineyard” section of this publication)—of those cultivars with commercially acceptable fruit quality and yields—are reported in Figure 2. Soluble solids, cluster weight, and harvest date are listed in Table 4. We can send Grapevines to all areas of the UK and mainland with free delivery when you spend over £50. Don't bury the vine cane any higher than the first bud, but make sure the roots are completely covered in soil.

If the cuttings are planted where the mature vines are to be located, the new shoots can be trained up a support stake as they grow, so that the new vine may get big enough to bear a small crop the next season. Grape plants grow as vines, so they should be planted along a wall or a trellis, or over a pergola or arch. In the long run, however, such pruning will enhance the quality of grape production by permitting the sun to get in and ripen the fruits, and it will help the vine prosper by cutting down the distance the sap has to travel to produce grapes.

Many homesteads and landscapes over the state still have the grape vine - over the wall, along a back fence, or in the old shade tree. To plant the vine properly, you need a good layer of drainage for the container and some quality, rich black soil. A trellis for vine support is designed and constructed to be strong and long-lived and to require low maintenance. Grape fruits form on one-year-old growth only; pruning heavily in late winter encourages abundant vigorous, fruit-bearing vines. Jung has a tip that you should test the bottom grape of a bunch and when it is sweet enough, pick the bunch.

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