Grape Planting Stock
A thriving international market for wine and grapes has resulted in an explosion in vineyard plantings in many parts of the world. Grape arbors serve as accents in the landscape, as a passage way or simply a source of shade in recreational areas and to adorn structures. After planting, reduce the newly planted grape vine back to height of the lowest support wire, and cut back any side shoots to one bud, before tying the main stem in to the supporting wires. The rod and spur pruning system, often used for grapes growing indoors or against walls outdoors, is also called the cordon system. Prune in the winter once the leaves have fallen, otherwise the vine may bleed and lose strength. Train your grapevines over an arbor to create an attractive, and productive, garden focal point.
As the vine begins to grow, select the strongest cane and train it up the arbor post, figure 2. All side canes should be tipped to simulate the trunk. We transplanted a mature grapevine last year so it will grow up and over our patio arbor. Normal practice of the time was to prop up the vines to prevent the fruit from rotting or rodents from eating it. The Romans even planted elms in the vineyards, simply to support the vines. The grape leaf folder also causes serious leaf feeding injury where unchecked, destroying the usefulness of foliage.
Some years will produce a small crop, or you may lose fruit to birds, insects, hail or rot, so plant extra vines to account for any shortfall. Site your vines on a southeast- to southwest-facing slope so their- leaves can soak up as much sunshine as possible. Bred in Germany, this white grape hybrid has been selected for its disease resistance and excellent quality fruits. Once you have your cuttings made the next step is to dip them in a rooting compound. However, if the tip of the shoot looks somewhat stunted and has hardly unfurled (Image 06) means that the vine is stagnating.
You can grow the grape in a big pot and it should do OK. Make sure the pot has good drainage and place it in a spot where it is a bit in the shade during the hottest hours of the day. American grapes are the most cold-hardy, while European grapes, usually more for wine than the table, do well in warm, dry, Mediterranean type zones. I have a vine with grapes on it. I was told that I had to have a male grape vine in order for my grapes to be sweet?.
Luckily there are many cold-hardy varieties being developed each year, so experiment until you find the perfect vines for your area. In the subgenera Euvitis, native American vine species include labrusca (northern fox grape), aestivalis (summer grape), riparia (riverbank grape), rupestris (hillside grape) and others 3 All have slow-growing vines and slender stalks, requiring trellising for support. This is to ensure a healthy and productive plant, and to be responsible to nearby grape growers.